There are so many different types of witchcraft and magic out there. It would be nearly impossible to list literally every one. This is my best attempt at a wide variety with just a bit about each one.
One of my favorite things about witchcraft and magic is the variety that exists. There is a little something for everyone out there and it is so interesting to see what people gravitate to!
A couple notes before we get started:
- I do not believe labels are needed. If you find a handful of practices that you enjoy that are all over the board, don’t feel the need to find a label. Even if you find yourself tending towards a particular type, don’t use the label if you aren’t comfortable with it or if you don’t feel you need it! Labels can be helpful for clarifying and connecting with others but they are 100% not necessary.
- The type of witchcraft you practice is (usually) separate from your religion. They may cross over and intermingle, and for some they do come hand in hand, but you can choose to completely separate them if that is what works for you.
So let’s get to it, a list of types of witches!
Art witches use, you guessed it, art in their practice. There are so many different forms of this type of witchcraft. Someone may have a beautiful grimoire that doubles as a sacred sketchbook. A witch may use dance heavily in ritual instead of or in addition to spoken or written words. Spells may be sung rather than spoken. Art witches might make special inks or paints filled with magical energy and intent. The possibilities are endless!
Ceremonial witchcraft is all about grand and detailed rituals. They won’t be the witches sitting on the floor in their pajamas with a stubby candle, scrap of paper, and some herbs from the kitchen. They’ll be wearing ceremonial attire and using materials that have been carefully chosen and consecrated for long and elaborate rituals.
One of my personal favorites, chaos magic likes to go a little against the grain. Witches practicing this form of magic use sigils more often than not. Rather than focusing thought and intent on your desired outcome like most other forms of magic, chaos magic uses a system that involves forgetting it! Head to my post about sigils for more info!
Cottage/Hearth witches focus on magic in the home. They incorporate a little (or a lot of) magic in just about anything around the house. Herbs in natural cleaning products, besoms by doorways, special floor washes, altars for varying purposes throughout the house, and many other practices are used. Many hearth witches also practice some kitchen witchcraft as well.
Elemental witches work with the elements. This may be in a way that brings balance to each one, or in a way that focuses on a specific element. Related to this are sea witches, storm witches, and swamp witches.
One of the more whimsical forms of witchcraft, Faery witches have strong connections to and interest in the Fae. They also connect to nature and often enjoy being around small animals.
This is one of the most popular types of witchcraft I’ve seen. Green witches focus on using natural materials in their workings, especially plants. They often enjoy keeping a garden and spending time out in nature
Hedge witches like to journey to the astral plane and do spirit work. They have one foot in reality and another across the hedge in liminal spaces.
Hereditary witches are essentially born into their craft. Witchcraft practices are passed down through the family as are materials like grimoires and sometimes tools.
This is exactly what it sounds like, witches that do most of their magic in the kitchen! They enjoy cooking and baking and often (you might even say usually or close to always) incorporate magic when they do. Herbs are consciously chosen, food is stirred with intention, and symbols and sigils are often used to add some extra oomph.
Contrary to what you may want to believe, this isn’t about raising things from the dead and controlling them. Necromancy witches have a reverence for death and do a lot of spirit and ancestry work as well as work with bones and dead or dying plants.
Pop culture witchcraft
Rather than call on ancient deities to work with, pop culture witches call on the archetypes and energies of modern pop culture figures. This could include comic book characters, super heroes, or even musicians. Many modern witches are drawn to this since these icons are often more tangible and relatable figures.
Another form of witchcraft that has developed with the times is tech witchcraft. Tech witches use various technology in their craft. They likely have apps on their phone for a variety of purposes like tarot apps, moon phase trackers, and stone information. They might cast spells with emojis and are likely to have their grimoire in digital form. Another variation on tech witchcraft is re-purposing old, broken, or outdated technology for magical uses!
Those practicing traditional witchcraft like to do things the old fashioned way. They do their best to stay true to how things were originally done. This is usually in reference to European traditional practices.
Witches live everywhere, even in cities where access to nature is often limited. This has lead to urban witches, those who use their environment to their advantage. Urban witches will often create small indoor or porch gardens, interact with plant and animal life they find around the city, and focus on protection of their own home as well as the area they live in.
Wicca is a type of witchcraft that blends the practice with spiritual beliefs. It is much more of an organized belief system than other forms of witchcraft are, though still not as organized as Abrahamic religions. Wiccans generally follow the Wheel of the Year, the Wiccan Rede, and believe in the Three Fold Law. There are also many varieties within Wicca including Gardnerian, Dianic, and Alexandrian.
Culture Specific practices
This is an umbrella for a list that would easily double this one. There are many forms of magic and witchcraft that are specific to certain areas and cultures. These traditions are sometimes passed through families or groups and are not as often practiced by those not connected to the culture in some way. Some culture specific witchcraft and magic practices include Hoodoo, Shamanism, Heathenry, and Kemeticism.
One of my favorite things about witchcraft is that you aren’t required to choose just one path. You can pick and choose things from each path as you find what you connect to the most! If you do a little bit of everything you might choose to call yourself an eclectic witch.
This one was new for me but I love the idea so much! An omni witch is the bookworm of the witch world. This is someone who does a lot of research and has extensive knowledge on many forms of witchcraft and magic. Their goal is to learn as much as possible!
Secular vs religious
These aren’t exactly types of witchcraft or magic, but more of a classification that can be paired with just about any form of witchcraft. As I said earlier, witchcraft practices and religious beliefs are generally not the same thing, but sometimes they are combined.
Religious witches have some form of religion/spirituality connected to their craft. They likely call to deities for both prayer and spellwork. The deities individuals work with vary widely.
Secular witches do not work with deities or incorporate other religious aspects. Their practice is just that, a practice. Some secular witches are atheists, others may still be spiritual, but it doesn’t get worked into their magic.
Solitary vs group
This is another classification. Solitary witches practice primarily on their own. They aren’t connected to any sort of group or coven. Though they may attend an occasional open ritual on special occasions or have a group they discuss things with.
Other witches prefer to work in a group setting. They will often join a coven, usually of members with similar practices.
What did I leave out? What kind of witchcraft do you practice? Let me know in the comments!